Below are the full list of political parties in Ghana.
A political party can be described as group of people who have come together with the same political goal for ruling a nation, the same ideology, and agree on candidates they believe is competent to represent the party for elections and to spearhead the reason for the party’s existence. Political parties are there to allow citizens to make a choice of a presidential and parliamentary candidate.
All People’s Congress (APC)
It was created in 2016 by Hassan Ayariga after breaking away from People’s National Convention.However Hassan Ayariga lost the competition for the presidential candidate to Edward Mahama during the December 2016 general election. The party’s center of attention for the election campaign was on jobs and the economy.
Two months before the general elections took place in 2016, the chairman of the Electoral Commission of Ghana declared that Hassan Ayariga along with 12 other candidates, had been disqualified from standing as presidential candidates in the December elections. This was as a result of due to issues they had with the nomination documents they filed with the commission.
Convention People’s Party (CPP)
This political party was established on 12th June 1949, but was stopped from operating in 1966. It was recreated in 1996 from other Nkrumah tradition parties. The Convention People’s Party (CPP) is based on the ideas of Kwame Nkrumah who was the first President of this country.The CPP was formed in June 1949 after Nkrumah separated from the United Gold Coast Convention (UGCC).
Democratic Freedom Party (DFP)
This party was founded in 2006 and became one with the National Democratic Congress in 2012. It came in fourth place in the Ghanaian general election of 2008 with 0.33% of the total vote.
Democratic People’s Party (DPP)
It was formed in 1992 and formed an alliance with the National Democratic Congress (NDC) and the Every Ghanaian Living Everywhere (EGLE) for the 1992 elections in December. They chose Jerry Rawlings as their candidate. The party chose its political candidate in December 2000.
Every Ghanaian Living Everywhere (EGLE Party)
It was founded in 1992 but is not active currently even though a registered party.
Great Consolidated Popular Party (GCPP)
This party was formed in 1995 by Daniel Augustus Lartey who passed on, on 28th December, 2009 at the age of 83 years. He was replaced by Henry Herbert Lartey, who is his first son.
Ghana Democratic Republican Party (GDRP)
It was founded in 1992. Presently their leader is Kofi Amoah.
Ghana Freedom Party (GFP)
Founded 2012 by Akua Donkor,who is a farmer. This was largely to help her ambitions to become President of Ghana. She submitted her nomination forms for the 2020 presidential election to the Electoral Commission, with her running mate being Ernest Adakabre Frimpong Manso who is a host of a radio program at Neat FM.
Ghana Union Movement (GUM)
This political party was established in 2019 by Christian Kwabena Andrews who is the originator of Life Assembly Worship Center in Accra.During the occasion which was organized to launch his party, he stated that he is “new Kwame Nkrumah”. Andrews was one of the presidential candidates for the 2020 Ghanaian general election. He filed his nomination papers on 7th October ,2020. Abu Grant Lukeman was Andrews’ running mate for the 2020 elections.
Liberal Party of Ghana (LPG)
It was formed in 2017 and took the place of the Independent People’s Party (IPP) which was originally established by Kofi Akpaloo in 2011. The LPG approved Kofi Akpaloo as their presidential candidate. Margaret Obrine was chosen as the running mate. The Director of Operations of the party in the person of Jerry Owusu, in May 2020, declared that the party has plans to choose candidates in all 275 constituencies throughout the country.
National Democratic Congress (NDC)
It was founded in 1992 by Jerry John Rawlings. He was the Head of State of Ghana from 1981 to 1993 and the President of this country between 1993 to 2001. After the formation of the Provisional National Defence Council (PNDC) which ruled Ghana after the military coup d’état on 31st December 1981, there was pressure from the international community to bring back democracy. The NDC was the ruling party before the elections in 1992 and Rawlings was elected president, and in 1996 Rawlings was re-elected as the NDC candidate. His second term ended in 2001.
The NDC lost the presidential election in the year 2000, however they obtained power again in the 2008 election, with John Atta Mills as the party’s presidential candidate. They established the 1992 constitution of Ghana.
The NDC party symbol is an umbrella with the head of a dove at the tip. The party colors are red, white, green, and black, and the party slogan or motto is “Unity, stability, and development.”
John Dramani Mahama was confirmed as the candidate of the National Democratic Congress in 2019 to contest in the 2020 elections.
In the 2020 elections,18 members of the party who intended to stand as independent candidates, lost their membership in the party. Not only that, also those who certified the forms of those candidates and took part in their campaigns were also ejected.
NDC’s candidate John Dramani Mahama on 9th December, 2012 was announced as the President-elect after winning 50.7% of votes cast.
National Democratic Party (NDP)
It was founded in October 2012 and was split from NDC.
New Patriotic Party (NPP)
‘Danquah/Busia’ tradition, ruling party. This political party was founded 1992.
The New Patriotic Party has contested in every national general election in Ghana ever since the fourth republic began in 1992 except for the parliamentary elections which was held in 1992. This was due to their belief that The New Patriotic boycotted the 1992 parliamentary elections, alleging that the 1992 presidential election held earlier was rigged.
The NPP also lost the 1996 elections again to Rawlings’ party but this time, their flagbearer was John Agyekum Kufuor. He won in the 2000 and 2004 elections.
On 7th August 2010, the New Patriotic Party re-elected Akufo-Addo as its presidential candidate for the 2012 presidential election. Akufo-Addo won the votes of 79% of the delegates.
After Akufo-Addo lost in the presidential election, the New Patriotic Party and Akufo-Addo contested the vote results provided by the Electoral Commission of Ghana, claiming that the 2012 general elections were rigged.
National Reform Party (NRP)
This party was birthed in 1999 and was split from NDC. Peter Kpordugbe is the leader of the party. He is the former head of the National Service Secretariat and a former member of the NDC party. The General Secretary is Kyeretwie Opoku. Their motto is “Ghana first”.
New Vision Party (NVP)
This political party was formed in 2008 by Prophet Daniel Nkansah. He is the originator of the New Vision Pentecostal Church in Accra, Ghana. The party has mauve, white and gold as its colours. Daniel Nkansah was nominated as the party’s candidate for the presidential election in 2008.
People’s Action Party (PAP)
It was a political party in Ghana during the Second Republic (1969-1972) led by Imoru Ayarna. In elections held on 29th August 1969, the PAP won 2 out of 140 seats in the National Assembly.
People’s Destiny Party (PDP)
The political party was created in The party was not included in the presidential elections in 2020. It has a white lamb on a circular background as its logo. The upper half of the circle is black and the lower half is green in colour.
People’s National Convention (PNC)
It was founded in 1992 by Hilla Limann based on the model from the People’s National Party which he led in the 1979 elections and won.
Power Unity Party (PUP)
The Power Unity Party acquired its final certificate on 21st November 2019 but did not choose any candidate for the 2020 general election. Eliahu Boateng is the leader of the party. The party’s colours are red and gold and has Sankofa as its motto,which means to go back to former roots.
Progressive People’s Party (PPP)
This party was established in 2012 by Paa Kwesi Nduom, who was the presidential candidate for the Convention People’s Party in the 2008 general election. The motto of the party is “Prosperity in Peace” with “Awake”.
Reformed Patriotic Democrats (RPD)
It was founded in 2004 but was registered with the Electoral Commission in 2008 . Kwabena Adjei occupied the position of the chairman for a while in 2007.
United Democratic Party (UDP)
It was formed by Yaw Kumey.
United Development System Party (UDSP)
Formed in 2012 . It had Tetteh Kabraham as its first leader.
United Front Party (Ghana) (UFP)
Founded in 2011 by Dr. Nana Agyenim Boateng.
United Ghana Movement (UGM)
Formed in 1996 by Charles Wereko-Brobby, who used to be a member of the New Patriotic Party.
United Progressive Party (UPP)
It was birthed in 2016 by Akwasi Addai Odike and Razak Kojo Opoku. The party obtained its final certificate of registration from the Electoral Commission of Ghana in May 2015.
United Renaissance Party (URP)
This political party was formed in 2007 by Kofi Wayo.
Yes People’s Party (YPP)
Founded in 2012 by Annin – Kofi Addo. It became registered in September 2012 by the Electoral Commission of Ghana. The party has gold, metallic black and red as its representing colours and symbols of the party are a house, maize, yam and fish.
In conclusion, there are many political parties in Ghana but only a handful are in the race for leading the nation.