Financial Literacy: Definition, Principles, and Useful Tips

Photo of author
Written By Editorial Team






This is the official admin account for Ghana Insider. We cover everything general in Ghana. Feel free to contact us for advertisements, endorsement, shout outs and more. Email: [email protected] or visit our homepage:

Financial literacy is essential for managing, saving, and growing one’s finances. Knowing the rules of financial literacy will help you make effective decisions, whether you are a beginner in the job market or a seasoned professional.

In the long run, this will enable you to become wealthier, improve your standard of living, and achieve your goals. So, you can start with a small capital together with the loans online app.

What is financial literacy?

Financial literacy is a set of concepts, rules, and practices that enable you to manage your financial flows effectively to grow wealth, reach your goals, and maintain your standard of living throughout your adult life.

Principles of financial literacy

There are many financial literacy principles. Some of the most important ones include the following:

  1. Have a clear understanding and control of all financial flows and sources. You can use Google Spreadsheets or various applications. Regularly analyzing expenses and looking for savings opportunities is also important.
  2. Build up your reserve fund on a regular basis. To ensure that you can survive a crisis, such as the loss of a job, it is necessary to reduce the risk of losing money in the future. A backup fund should cover a minimum of three months of expenses, preferably six months to a year. The money in it should be held in low-risk, highly liquid instruments. These can be cash, funds in accounts at reliable banks, and deposits that can be withdrawn at any time.
  3. Plan for major expenses by creating a budget for the next few months or a year. Take an expense like going on vacation. Knowing how much money you are willing to spend on a vacation in advance is a good idea. Then you can save in several ways:
  • Set aside a certain small amount of money and divide the payments monthly for a year;
  • Accumulate funds over several months, save larger amounts, and then use them when the opportunity to take a vacation arises;
  • Save money several months before the planned vacation.
  1. Diversify your income and savings. The more diversified, the less risk you take. Take your job as an example. Anyone who works in a sector, especially a small sector, should bear in mind that a crisis in that sector could lead to unemployment and, therefore, a loss of income. The best thing to do is to find an extra income or learn another specialty.
  2. Before deciding to engage in a particular financial transaction, critically evaluate the possible outcomes and risks involved. Loans and investments are especially important. For example, before taking out a mortgage, you should consider whether the financial burden is appropriate for you. Do not make the repayment of this loan the purpose of your life for the next 10 to 15 years.

How to Start Learning Financial Literacy

  • Step 1. Analyze your income

It is important to assess whether you are satisfied with your current salary, opportunities for growth, skills development, and, consequently, your income.

  • Step 2. Start saving

Regularity is more important than the income amount. You can make less money but save constantly and have a substantial amount in a few years. Or you can earn more but spend it all. This creates additional risks for you in the future.

  • Step 3. Try investing your money

Money should work for you. That’s why you should not just put it aside. The amount of savings you already have determines the format of investment.

Leave a Comment