“How To Start Rabbit Farming In Ghana — From The Scratch To The Top”!
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What To Know: Rabbit Farming
The agricultural practice of breeding and raising domestic rabbits as livestock for their meat, fur, wool and etc, is known as cuniculture.
All that you need to know about rabbit farming is provided in this write-up.
Surprisingly, rabbit farming is easy than you can perceive. Considering the starting capital, the quantity of rabbits required and the space needed to start, rabbit farming is not all that compelling.
All you have to do is to stick to the rules!
As a matter of fact, lots of people pay huge sums of money just to learn rabbit farming. But now, thanks to the internet! Everything has been simplified now.
Just read further to discover all!
Whether you want to do it as a hobby, for your own consumption or to earn money, worry not!
I have provided you with all that you need to know in order to successfully start your own rabbit farm.
Rabbit Farming In Ghana
The rabbit industry has thrived over the years. More people are venturing into this industry and hence, it has become a very lucrative thing to do.
In order to keep the rabbit industry running and booming, the “Rabbit Ghana Association” was formed. The association is meant to support all rabbit farmers in Ghana especially, members of Rabbit Ghana Association.
You are not alone if you successfully start your rabbit farm. Just become a member of the Rabbit Ghana Association and you will be assisted on anything pertaining to your rabbit farming.
I will give you more details about the Rabbit Ghana Association. Probably, as you read further, you will come across that.
Benefits Of Rabbits
Frankly speaking, rabbit farming has lots of advantages. You know what, rabbit farming is expedient and profitable than most farming practices. I have listed some of the benefits of rabbit farming below.
Easy To Start
Rabbit farming does not require a large space to set off. Moreover, it does not require a large quantity of rabbits to start.
You can even start with 2 does (female rabbits) and 1 buck (male rabbit). Approximately, you will be getting about 50 or more rabbits at the end of the year. Just after giving birth, a doe (female rabbit) can immediately get pregnant again.
Minimum Starting Capital
As mentioned earlier, you don’t need a huge starting capital if you want to go into rabbit farming. A doe or a buck will not cost you more than GH¢ 200. 00
Rabbits grow relatively at a fast pace.
Numerous Health Benefits
As one of the best white meats in the world, it contains the least amount of fat or cholesterol. Therefore, it is highly recommended for patients with heart issues.
Moreover, its digestible protein percentage is higher than most meats out there. Rabbit meat is highly delicious and hence, the number of its consumers keeps increasing.
Rabbit Price In Ghana
Rabbit Farming is one of the most profitable agribusiness practices out there. Investing in this sector is a sure way to become a millionaire. Trust me, a rabbit costs closely to GH¢ 30. 00 — GH¢ 120. 00 in Ghana.
Let’s do the calculation here. Imagine you are able to raise 120 rabbits at the end of the year. GH¢ 30. 00 × 120 rabbits = GH¢ 3,600. I’m sure you are with me up to this point.
Have it in mind that, the price of a rabbit is determined by:
- The type of breed
- The size or weight of the rabbit
For instance, the following rabbit breeds will cost:
- New Zealand (Giant) rabbit (GH¢ 95. 00 to GH¢ 100. 00)
- Lionhead rabbit (GH¢ 50. 00 to GH¢ 60. 00)
- Dutch rabbit (GH¢ 110. 00 to GH¢ 180. 00)
We are almost there! How then do you start rabbit farming in Ghana?
How to Start Rabbit Farming In Ghana
Before I proceed, I will encourage you to get a business plan if only you want to do this as a commercial rabbit farming business.
The business plan will serve as a guide and also, ensures that you don’t drift out of the main agenda.
All the same, below are the relevant steps needed to start rabbit farming in Ghana.
Rabbit Breed Selection
Breed refers to a special variety of domesticated animals within a species. In the case of rabbits, there are wide varieties available. For instance:
- American Rabbit
- Belgian Hare Rabbit
- Blanc de Hotot
- Californian Rabbits
- Checkered Giant Rabbit
- Dutch Rabbit
- English Lop
- English Spot
- English Angora
- Flemish Giant Rabbit
- French Angora Rabbit
- Harlequin Rabbit
- Holland Lop Rabbit
- Lionhead Rabbit
- Netherland Dwarf Rabbit
- Tan Rabbit
- New Zealand Rabbit and a lot more.
Before selecting the kind of rabbit breed you want, consider the following: growth rate of the rabbit, meat to bone ratio, motherly ability of the doe, litter size (large), adult rabbit weight, etc. In most cases, the New Zealand is used for commercial breeding.
Rabbit Farming Method
The farming method is another critical thing to consider. In this case, there are two different farming methods that you can use. That is: Deep Litter Method And Cage Method.
- Deep Litter Method
This method is preferable if you want to raise a couple of rabbits. The maximum number of rabbits to be raised using the deep litter method should not exceed 30 rabbits.
Usually, concrete floor is more desirable for this method. Then on the floor, make about 3.5 to 5.5 inches depth litter hay, husk or wood shavings.
Again, in the deep litter system the doe and the buck are not kept in the same room.
- Cage Method
Without any doubt, this is a great option if you want to do this as a commercial rabbit farming business. This is because, the Cage Method can accommodate a maximum number of rabbits.
The rabbits are kept in a cage. The Cage used is made up of a wire or iron plate.
In the Cage system, you don’t keep the doe and the buck together until the breeding period. Nevertheless, during the breeding period, you have to keep the buck and the doe in a different cage.
Feed ( Food And Water)
Rabbits usually consume:
- Green leafy vegetables
- seasonal vegetables
- green grass
- vegetable wastes
- Cabbage and more.
You can equally serve them with poultry feed if you are into the commercial aspect of it.
A good feed should contain:
- 18% of crude protein
- 14% of fiber
- 7% of minerals
- 2700 kilo calorie/kg of metabolic energy
Finally, ensure that you serve the rabbits with a clean water. Contaminated water is contagious to their health.
Most often, it takes about 5 to 6 months of age for a rabbit to become mature and ready for reproduction. At this period, you have to take note of the following:
- Only use healthy rabbits with appropriate body weight for breeding.
- Never use ill health doe (female rabbit) for breeding.
- Gestation period of rabbits: 28 – 31 days
Caring For The Rabbit
Have it in mind that, the state of your rabbits will determine your success rate. If your rabbits are healthy, then your production will increase.
Perhaps, keep their habitat as clean as possible.
Make sure you monitor the health of your rabbits frequently. Get in touch with a mentor, an expert or a veterinarian as possible.
Marketing The Rabbit
Marketing can be hectic if you have no marketing plan before proceeding with your rabbit farming.
- To avoid hurdles, try and look out for potential buyers before proceeding.
- Go out and search for places where the demand for rabbit meat is higher.
Notwithstanding, you can use social media or other online platforms to look for potential customers.
Don’t expect instant gratification if you are now entering into the rabbit industry.
As it do happen to most industries, you first need to build a customer base for your brand.
If people get to know your brand very well, everything will move on smoothly.
Rabbit Ghana Association
I don’t want you to feel alone. That is why I suggest you join the Rabbit Ghana Association. The association was founded by Mosses and Julius.
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