Do you want to start your own goat farming business in Ghana? Then this article is for you.
In this post, we are going to make known to you how to start a goat farm.
This guide also includes
- Goat farming business plan
- choosing a suitable breed.
- Branding your farm for the market
- How to make profits
Goat farming is one of the animal farming businesses with high returns if everything is done the right way.
This is the main reason why we have put this post together to guide you and give you the complete steps you need to start a goat farm/animal rearing in Ghana.
It will be a long article as it discusses everything from start to finish.
It is important that you start the farm well prepared by reading all that is written in this post.
If you really have an interest to succeed in goat farming business, you’ll love this guide.
Let’s get started.
Goat Rearing Basics.
Why should you invest in goat rearing business?
Before you venture into a business you have some reasons backing you.
There are a lot of livestock farmers in Ghana, yet the demand for goat meat is always on the rise.
Some of the reasons we think you should start a goat rearing farm are:
- Goat meat is in high demand
- You can start with a little capital
- You get a high return on the investment made
- It requires less special skills. You can learn on the go.
Writing a goat rearing business plan.
This is the part most young Ghanaians fail to pay attention to.
It is, however, a very important part of your business.
Note that if you fail to plan, you are planning to fail.
Before you start any business make sure you have carefully written out a well-detailed business plan.
A business plan is basically a road map leading you to your goal in business.
It shows how you intend to grow and sustain your business. It should include the following:
- Breed of goats you want to raise
- The location of your business. I will dive deeper into how to choose a location for your livestock farm in the next chapters.
- The capital you need to start the business.
Check your finances.
Capital is required to start every business.
You need to do your financial projections to see how much you can begin with.
This is a small-scale backyard livestock farming therefore, you don’t need a huge capital to venture.
All you need is commitment and dedication to the process.
Like every other business, the bigger you plan to start, the more capital required.
Since you are starting as a small-scale goat farmer you need to start with about 3 or less at the backyard of your house.
This won’t cost you much.
Now that we are done with the basics let’s dive into the step-by-step process of choosing the right location.
Choosing a location.
I have already discussed earlier in this post that using your backyard to start the livestock rearing will cut down costs to the minimum.
However, if you prefer getting a bigger land, read this chapter and see how to get that done.
Your first step is to get a land or space that is cheap and also consider a location that has all the required accessories and favorable for the business.
You can choose a site slightly far from town which has available labour and relatively cheaper.
Lastly, consider transportation and availability of water at the site.
Constructing a goat pen.
Commercial goat farming requires a suitable unit to keep the goats healthy and free from diseases.
The size of your goat house depends on the number of goats you would like to rear.
You can build mud houses or a wooden structure with a cemented floor.
Just ensure that the goat house has the following qualities.
- Rain proof
- Well ventilated
- Free from direct sunlight
- Free from direct wind